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動詞-ing形式易錯點集錦


郝昌明

  1. 因為習慣于在各種各樣的地方駕車,他真是一個有經驗的司機。
  誤: Used to drive his car in all kinds of places, he is really an experienced driver.
  正: Used to driving his car in all kinds of places, he is really an experienced driver.
  析:句中的used to來自于be used to, 表示“習慣于做某事”的意思”, to為介詞,后面應接動詞-ing形式作賓語。 look forward to(渴望), get/become used to(習慣于做某事), stick to(堅持), get down to(著手), pay attention to(注意), devote ... to ... (把……專用于……)等短語中的to均為介詞,其后均應接動詞-ing形式作賓語。
  2. 我建議你穿上大衣,因為外面很冷。
  誤: I suggest you to put on your overcoat, because it is very cold outside.
  正: I suggest your putting on your overcoat, because it is very cold outside.
  析: suggest, include, consider, finish, practise, miss, avoid, enjoy, risk, mind, appreciate, stand, escape等動詞后面只能接動詞-ing形式作賓語。 your是putting on的邏輯主語。
  3. 因為很忙,他們不得不再次推遲結婚日期。
  誤: Being very busy, they have to put off to get married once again.
  正: Being very busy, they have to put off getting married once again.
  析: put off, excuse ... for ..., can’t help(忍不住……), insist on, keep on, give up, feel like, be worth等動詞(短語)后面只能接動詞-ing形式作賓語,不能接動詞不定式作賓語。
  4. 如果不給我說一聲,你不能去爬那座高山。
  誤: You can’t go to climb that high mountain without tell me.
  正: You can’t go to climb that high mountain without telling me.
  析: without為介詞,后面只能接名詞或動詞-ing形式作賓語。
  5. 如果你想知道主人是否在家,可以試著敲一下門。
  誤: If you want to know whether the host is at home, you can try to knock at the door.
  正: If you want to know whether the host is at home, you can try knocking at the door.
  析: try to do sth意為“盡力、努力去做某事”,而try doing sth則意為“試著做某事”。 go on(繼續做), stop(停止), mean(意味著), remember(記得), forget(忘了), regret(為……而后悔), consider(考慮)等動詞后面常接動詞-ing形式作賓語。
  6. 我真地認為只閱讀不思考這些語言點是沒有用的。
  誤: I really think that it is no use to read without considering these language points.
  正: I really think that it is no use reading without considering these language points. ......
很抱歉,暫無全文。歡迎作者提供全文。

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